A recent fire at a student residence in Bolton provided a stark reminder on the need for action for better fire safety standards. It’s been over two years since the tragedy of Grenfell Tower and hundreds of blocks are still covered in flammable ACM cladding. In June 2019, the Independent Review of Building Regulation and Fire Safety led by Dame Judith Hackett found that there are issues in the way some high-rise residential buildings are built, managed and looked after. Her review set out how we can ensure that buildings are safe throughout their lifecycle. At all stages of a building’s lifecycle; from when it’s designed and built, to when people are living in it, someone will be responsible for managing and minimising fire and structural risks.
As part of this, Dame Hackett described how housing providers must empower residents by giving them the right safety information about their building and making sure that their views or concerns about the safety of their building are heard and not ignored. Therefore, it’s imperative that housing providers adopt the latest technologies to ensure residents are safe, and feel safe, in their homes and to make sure this remains the case for future generations. Through the power of data insights, housing providers can go a long way towards meeting the suggestions from the review.
Assessing the risk in a building
The government outlines a five-step checklist during a fire safety risk assessment that employers and housing providers should follow. The list includes identifying fire hazards, pinpointing which people are at risk, evaluating, removing or reducing these risks, recording findings and preparing an emergency plan and finally reviewing and updating the fire risk assessment regularly.
However, this checklist doesn’t highlight the magnitude of checks that are required in some buildings. The Local Government Association’s guide to fire safety in purpose-built blocks of flats comprises over 190 pages of checks. The findings from these assessments generate masses of data that need to be managed and acted on quickly and efficiently, and mistakes can be made if this data isn’t stored and managed appropriately.
New technologies can help by collecting and providing insights on the data while storing it safely to ensure compliance. Asset management solutions contain risk management tools that allow social landlords to take control of their risk assessments processes, managing both assessments and the associated actions. Each building is different, so an effective risk management tool provides housing providers with unlimited user-defined assessment types, such as fire risk, legionella, user-defined risk scoring, recording and management of remedial actions and clear tracking of responsible parties.
Safety throughout a building’s lifecycle
And this shouldn’t just be done at the start of a building’s lifecycle; new fire risks develop during the lifespan of a building. Ongoing asset management, planned maintenance and servicing and inspections are all needed to ensure the continued safety of people living in a building. Without advanced technologies, this would have to be done manually. Each assessment typically results in ten actions, each of which needs to be individually prioritised, allocated, planned for remediation and when remediated, closed. For a large housing provider, this could mean tens of thousands of actions that need to be manually shared with contractors and sub-contractors.
The volume of actions for any organisation is very time consuming and leaves a housing provider susceptible to mistakes. It’s vital to make sure that fire risk actions are scheduled and actioned on time and housing providers have on-demand access to up-to-date data for internal and external inspections.
By automating the administrative tasks, housing providers can reduce manual administration by up to 90 per cent. This frees up time for housing providers for any issues or risks that need to be acted on quickly, and data analytics can be used to prioritise which actions need attention first. The risk of errors in data from manual processing is reduced so housing providers can deliver faster, responsive services, ensuring compliance and keeping residents safe.
Engaging the residents
No one knows their own home better than the resident themselves so listening to their concerns over fire safety and providing advice on their concerns is vital. Housing providers need to capture and manage all interactions with customers, from preferred language to their optimum communication channel, whether online, post, email, text or social media. Once again, this data needs to be stored and managed effectively to provide valuable insights. Being able to segment your resident audience into groups with different needs allows you to profile the different audiences. This data can be analysed to drive the topics of resident involvement sessions and for further advice on fire safety best practices.
Moving forward, data insights will drive decisions through the design, construction and maintenance of social housing. Post the Hackett review, tools such as building information management (BIM) software are likely to be mandated in the public sector.
Housing associations need to become insight-driven decision-makers and embrace tools that analyse data and provide them with the most valuable insights to act on fire risks while empowering residents by giving them the correct, up-to-date safety information at all times.
Mark Holdsworth is a director at Civica.